The New Education Policy was released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under the guidance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The National Education Policy 2020 was released on 29th July 2020, after it was approved by the Union Cabinet. The New National Education Policy (NEP 2020) replaces the 34-year-old National Education Policy (NEP) that was formulated in 1986.
The National Education Policy (NEP) was first formulated in 1986, and subsequently revised in 1992 and 1998. The new National Education Policy 2020 is a welcome step towards revamping the education system in the country. It is a bold and ambitious policy that seeks to bring about a radical transformation of the education system over the next decade.
India is about to bring dramatic changes to its education system to become a global power. The recent changes were made to put an end to 34 years of education policies. The new system, which is still being implemented, includes an emphasis on online learning, more school hours and a shift away from rote learning.
The policy aims to transform the education system in India and make it at par with international standards. It also emphasizes on providing quality education to all, regardless of their socio-economic background. This is a significant step forward for India’s education system. It will bring about massive reform and change in the country and its people.
What is New National Education Policy (NEP) 2022?
The New Education Policy 2022 is a comprehensive and all-encompassing policy that seeks to revamp the Indian education system in its entirety. One of the most significant changes proposed by the NEP is the switch from the 10+2 education structure to a new 5+3+3+4 education system.
Under the new system, students will spend five years in elementary school, three years in middle school, three years in high school, and four years in college. This will allow for a more well-rounded and holistic education, as students will be exposed to a broader range of subjects and disciplines.
In addition, the new education policy also proposes introducing multiple exit options so that students can choose to leave the education system after completing elementary school, middle school, or high school if they so desire.
The NEP 2022 is an ambitious and far-reaching policy that seeks to transform the Indian education system into one that is on par with the best in the world.
This national education policy focuses on students’ individual needs. It aims to create a more flexible and adaptive education system that can meet the needs of students and the economy.
Vocational Education is part of the new education policy. It includes teaching the mother tongue and regional languages up to the 5th year of schooling. Training in vocational skills will be included from the 6th class onwards.
The comprehensive 360-degree approach allows teachers to observe the learner and measure progress in different ways, such as through self-reporting or measuring the learner’s achievement on multiple competencies and skills.
This also allows them to use the most effective methods in their classrooms. With a comprehensive 360-degree progress card, improvement of assessment and tracking of student progress to achieve learning outcomes, etc., is also included.
The new national education policy (NEP) lays down objectives for improving the quality of the education system. The policy aims at creating a “Global Knowledge Superpower” in the field of education. The policy also makes it mandatory for schools and colleges to make their curriculum flexible and holistic.
Some of the key highlights of the policy include making education free and compulsory for all children between the ages of 3 and 18, setting up a new National Education Commission, and increasing the number of teacher training institutes.
New Education Policy (NEP) Highlights
The New Education Policy aims to provide quality and equitable education to all children in India. Some of the key highlights of the policy are as follows:
- The policy emphasizes on providing quality and affordable education to all children in the age group of 3-18 years.
- It emphasizes on holistic and multidisciplinary education instead of rote learning.
- Students will now be tested on their abilities to apply concepts to solving real problems rather than on how well they remember things from books.
- It emphasizes that the three-language formula will be followed in schools, focusing on the regional language, Hindi and English.
- To make it easier for students to learn regional languages, instruction in the first five grades will be taught in those languages instead of English.
- The school curriculum in India has been updated to incorporate more core concepts and vocational education.
- The policy focuses on using technology in education to make it more accessible and effective.
- It envisages a system where there is no distinction between rural and urban areas, and all children have access to quality education.
- The policy proposes several measures to improve the quality of teaching, such as mandatory teacher eligibility tests, teacher professional development programmes, and teacher education programmes at the elementary, secondary and tertiary levels.
- The policy also focuses on providing vocational and technical education to students so that they are better equipped to enter the workforce.
- The policy proposes to set up a National Higher Education Regulatory Council to oversee the regulation of higher education institutions.
- The policy also seeks to provide greater autonomy to higher education institutions and promote academic mobility. As a result, the public and private universities will both be governed by the same regulations.
- This policy introduces a new 5+3+3+4 education structure, which moves away from the current 10+2 system.
- It aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education to 50% by 2035.
- The Government has announced that all higher education institutes (HEIs) will be governed by a single regulator, except the Medical and Law Colleges. HEIs now have to answer to a new body, the Office for Students.
- The master’s degree (MPhil) course will no longer be required.
Major Reform in New Education Policy
- School board examinations will continue in 10th and 12th classes and be redesigned to be more holistic and developmental.
- PARAKH is a new national assessment platform. It will assess students’ learning and help them to analyze their strengths, weaknesses, gaps, and potentials.
- The new system will focus on strengthening the local language/regional language and mother tongue as a medium of education. It will be available for grades 1 to 5.
- This policy will also align with the Government’s intent to focus on the local language/regional language.
- Sanskrit will be available to all students as an option for their education, with three language formulas, at school and college levels.
- Vocational education will start in school, starting with grade 6, also known as middle school. Internships will be a part of that vocational education curriculum as well.
- There are plans for literature in India and other classical languages as an option.
- Students who pursue those degrees will have the freedom to choose which language they wish to study and what they want to study within that language. The same goes for those pursuing degrees in other disciplines like science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
- Higher education will receive flexibility in subjects. There will be multiple entry points and exit points for all students.
- UG programmed courses can range in duration from three to four years. The minimum duration required to get a certificate is one year. However, students can opt for a different route if they want to, such as obtaining a two-year Advanced Diploma or getting a B. Tech degree.
- The new system will be student-centric, where all subjects’ education is reduced to its core essentials.
- For education, they are looking at ways to make learning more meaningful and less rote. They focus on critical thinking, discovery, inquiry, discussion, and teaching. Moreover, they will also consider the needs of students who might have exceptional circumstances.
- Academic bank of credit (ABC) will be created as a digital recognition awarded for a student’s academic performance. ABC can allow universities to verify an institution’s credits, or schools can use it to reward or recognize students. It can help to keep track of the credits each student has earned over time.
- According to NEP, learning should be holistic, joyful, stress-free, and a lifelong process.
- NEP focuses on critical thinking, discovery, inquiry, discussion, and teaching based on analysis and holistic learning methods.
- Regulators for higher education will be light but tight.
- Focus on online learning to ensure that students are educated to the highest standard. In the new system, e-learning will be expanded to include online courses, which will provide flexibility in terms of location and time for students.
- By the end of 2040, they aim that all universities will become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which will have 3000 or more students.
- College affiliation will be phased out in the coming years (next 15 years).
- At least one oversized multidisciplinary HEI (higher education institution) should be built-in or near every district by 2030.
- This is one of the ways we can make our schools more connected to their communities and provide them with growth opportunities. The goal is to help create 100% youth and adult literacy.
New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020): The New National Education Policy in India
The New National Education Policy (NEP 2020) is a set of guidelines and recommendations issued by the Government of India to reform and improve the country’s education system.
The New National Education Policy aims to make India a global leader in education by improving access, equity, and quality of education at all levels, from early childhood education to higher education and vocational training.
The NEP 2020 also emphasizes the importance of developing 21st-century skills such as critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving in all students.
To achieve these goals, the NEP recommends several changes to the education system, including the introduction of a new National Curriculum Framework, the establishment of a new National Education Commission, and the setting up of a new National Testing Agency.
New Education Policy 2020: 5+3+3+4 Education System
The New Education Policy 2020 has introduced a new 5+3+3+4 education structure, which will replace the existing 10+2 system. Under this structure, the first five years of schooling will be focused on foundational learning, followed by three years of preparatory schooling, three years of middle stage schooling and four years of secondary education.
New Education System in India 2020
The New education system in India 2020 introduced a 5+3+3+4 education structure. The 5+3+3+4 education structure is a major change from the previous education system in India, which was a 10+2 system. In the new system, students will spend more time in school overall, but the number of years spent in each stage of education will be reduced.
Below is the detailed overview of the new education structure:
Foundational Stage (5 years)
The foundation stage will comprise the first 5 years of a child’s schooling. In the first 3 years of education, children will be taught in Anganwadi, Balvatika or community-based nurseries.
The other 2 years of schooling include multilevel, play/ activity-based learning, during which they will develop the basic skills and knowledge required for learning.
Preparatory Stage (3 years)
The preparatory stage will be from age 8 to 11 and focus on foundational learning, including developing basic literacy and numeracy skills among students. The preparatory stage will help students develop their understanding of concepts in various subjects.
Middle Stage (3 years)
The middle stage will be from age 11 to 14 years. During the middle stage, students will be expected to develop core academic skills such as reading, writing, and basic language competencies. They will also be expected to develop life skills such as teamwork, problem-solving, and critical thinking.
Secondary Stage (4 years)
The secondary stage will be from age 14 to 18. During this stage, students will be expected to complete a core curriculum consisting of English, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.
In addition, they will have the opportunity to choose from a range of electives, including languages, arts, and vocational subjects. The secondary stage aims to provide students with the skills and knowledge they need to prepare for further education or enter the workforce.
Changes Made in School Education Under New Education Policy 2020
Under the new National Education Policy, significant changes have been made to the school education system in India. Some of the most notable changes are:
1. Single Regulations for All Levels of School Education
The NEP focuses on providing universal access to education at all levels, from preschool to higher education. It aims to provide better education to all, particularly those who were previously denied such opportunities.
To reduce the number of dropouts, colleges and schools are looking for ways to attract more applicants and keep the ones they have. They are also taking the opportunity to help those who do not attend college and provide them with the skills needed to thrive in the workforce. Various approaches can facilitate multiple learning paths that involve formal and non-formal education modes.
Grade 3, 5 and 8 students will get open learning and open schools with no charge to the parents. The equivalent secondary school grade levels, 10 and 12, will also be available to all. There will be no tuition charged to them either. The introduction of vocational courses in the school curriculum aims to increase students’ employability by exposing them to new skills.
2. New Curriculum for Early Childhood Care and Education
The new curriculum for early childhood care and education (NEP) is planning to replace the 10+2 education system with a 5+3+3+4 structure. This would entail 12 years of schooling, with the first five years focused on foundational learning, three years of preparatory stage schooling, three years of middle stage schooling, and four years of secondary stage education.
The new early childhood care and education curriculum has been designed to provide a better balance between the old and the new curriculum. The new structure will also correspond with the new age-appropriate developmental stages of learning so that children can be better prepared for kindergarten and beyond.
In addition, the curriculum will be more flexible, allowing for more individualized instruction and tailoring to the needs of each child.
The new education policy 2020 has brought about many changes in school education. Some of the major changes are listed below:
- The new policy has abolished the rigid 10+2 structure of schooling and introduced a new 5+3+3+4 structure.
- The new policy emphasizes the holistic development of students; hence, the curriculum has been redesigned accordingly.
- Strengthened educational systems like Anganwadis and Kindergartens will focus on early childhood education and care.
- Anganwadi workers and kindergarten teachers will be trained in using curricula and pedagogy suited for children up to 8 years old.
- The new policy also emphasizes vocational education and skill development.
- Under the new policy, students will have the flexibility to choose subjects of their interest and will not be confined to any one stream.
- The policy aims at making education more affordable and accessible to all.
- NCERT will create a national Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to 8 years old.
- Ministries of Human Resource Development, Health and Family Welfare (HFW), Women and Child Development (WCD), and Tribal Affairs will collectively administrate early childhood education.
These are just some of the many proposed changes that are set to transform school education in India. Implementing these changes will require a concerted effort from all teachers, including parents, students, and the government. But if successful, they have the potential to improve the quality of children’s education in India significantly.
3. Pivot on Base Literacy
According to the National Education Policy, the Ministry of Human Resource Development plans to establish a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy in India.
The states will be responsible for implementing a program to attain foundational literacy and numeracy for students till class 3 in all primary schools. Each state will decide on their course of action, which could include changing its education policy.
4. Changes in the Process of Teacher’s Recruitment
To improve teaching quality, a comprehensive reform plan is being implemented in India. This includes creating a single teacher evaluation system and common national professional standards. It also aims to improve the quality of education and students’ lives.
Changes Made in Higher Education Under New National Education Policy
1. 50% Increase In GER
The NEP (New Education Policy) aims to increase the GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) from 26.3% to 50%. This policy would require increasing the number of students studying in higher education and expanding the number of university places.
2. Interdisciplinary General Education
The policy gives a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, and broad-based college education with flexible study plans, more choices in choosing subjects, and more flexibility to leave the course with an accredited degree. It will now be possible for undergrads to choose the number of years they want with the appropriate degree.
The license type is based on how long the user has been using a license. The price per year is decided depending on the length of the license. A 3-year license will be free of charge, and a 4-year license will cost.
3. Regulations or Systems
The Higher Education Commission of India will have a board, an interim committee, an Academic Council, and a technical committee. The Prime Minister of India will chair the Interim Committee. There will be 14 members, seven of them elected from the general public. The Board will be in charge of all government universities. The Interim Committee will be in charge of the day-to-day running of the Board.
4. Rationalized Institutional Architecture
The NEP 2020 proposes a rationalized institutional architecture for the education system, ensuring that all institutions are aligned with the National Education Goals. Under this architecture, the National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA) will be the apex body for regulating all higher education institutions), except medical and legal colleges.
The NHERA will replace the existing University Grants Commission (UGC), All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), and National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE).
The National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA) will be responsible for accreditation, quality assurance, and promoting research and innovation. NHERA will work with the National Accreditation Board (NAB) to ensure that all higher education institutions (HEIs) are accredited.
NHERA will also develop quality assurance standards and procedures to be followed by all HEIs. In addition, NHERA will promote research and innovation in higher education by developing policies and programmes.
New Education Policy 2020 Summary
The new National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) aims to provide quality education to all children in India, regardless of their socioeconomic status. The NEP seeks to improve educational outcomes by making schools more accountable and providing more resources and support to disadvantaged students. The NEP also aims to increase access to higher education and make it more affordable.
To achieve these goals, the NEP proposes several reforms, including:
- Focusing on three-language instruction in schools
- Encouraging the use of vernacular languages
- Promoting the study of Indian classical languages
- Strengthening teacher education
- Increasing the use of technology in education
- Improving assessment and evaluation procedures
- Making school education free and compulsory for all children aged 6-14
- Introducing a new grading system that does not use marks or percentages
- Implementing a standardized curriculum across all schools in India
- Removing the 10+2 education system and implementing a new 5+3+3+4 education structure system.
- Establishing a new National Education Commission to oversee the implementation of the NEP.
The NEP 2020 is a bold and ambitious policy that seeks to transform the education system in India. If implemented effectively, it has the potential to improve educational outcomes for all Indian children.
Essay on New Education Policy
The new National Education Policy in India is a welcome reform that addresses some of the longstanding issues plaguing the country’s education system. Among the most notable changes is the shift from the 10+2 system of schooling to a new 5+3+3+4 education system, which aligns more closely with international norms.
This will help ensure that Indian students are better prepared to compete in the global economy. Other changes include a greater focus on vocational and technical education and the inclusion of indigenous knowledge systems in the curriculum.
The policy focuses on four main pillars – access, equity, quality and accountability. Under the policy, all children between the ages of 3 and 18 will have the right to free and compulsory education. The policy also envisages setting up a National Higher Education Regulatory Authority to improve the quality of higher education in the country.
Overall, the new National Education Policy is a much-needed step in the right direction and one that is sure to benefit the country as a whole in the long run.
Speech on New Education Policy
I am here to talk to you about the New Education Policy 2020, which was recently released by the government. This policy is a game-changer for the education sector in India, and I am incredibly excited about it.
Under this policy, there will be a greater focus on the holistic development of students rather than just rote learning. This means that students will be encouraged to think critically and creatively and to develop skills such as problem-solving and collaboration.
The new education policy also places a strong emphasis on vocational and skill-based education, which will help students to be better prepared for the workforce. There will also be more opportunities for students to learn about entrepreneurship and to start their own businesses.
I believe that the New Education Policy 2020 is a very positive step toward improving the quality of education in India. I am confident that with this policy in place, we will see a dramatic improvement in the way our students learn and, in the outcomes, they are able to achieve.
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1. What is the NEP full form?
The full form of NEP is the National Education Policy.
2. When is full form of NPE?
The full form of NPE is National Policy on Education.
3. What is NCPF full form in NEP?
The NCPF full form in NEP is the “National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework” for Early Childhood Care and Education.
4. Who created New Education Policy?
The National Education Policy 2020 was created by a nine-member panel committee appointed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The panel was headed by Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan, a former Indian Space Research Organization chairman.
5. Who is the chairman of National Education Policy 2022?
The Chairman of the New Education Policy is Dr. K. Kasturirangan., former chief of the Indian Space Research Organization and former chairman of the University Grants Commission.
6. Who are the members of the NEP Committee?
NEP Committee was formed under the chairmanship of Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan. The NEP Committee consists of Shri. Manjul Bhargava, Professor at Princeton University (USA), Shri. K.J. Alphonse, Director, LPSC, Shri. Ram Shankar Kureel, Scientist and former Director of the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC), Shri. K.M. Shanmugam, former Chairman, ISRO and Secretary, DOS, Shri. Krishna Mohan Tripathy, former Secretary, DOS and Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Dr. Mazhar Asif, Director, Space Application Centre (SAC), Dr. M. K. Shridhar, Chairman, Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Dr. Vasudha Kamat, Director, ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC).
7. What are the new NEP Stages of Education in India?
The new National Education Policy (NEP) in India lays out a four-stage structure for school education. The first stage, the Foundational Stage, covers preschool and grades 1-2. The second stage, the Preparatory Stage, covers grades 3-5. The third stage, the Middle Stage, covers grades 6-8. The fourth stage, the Secondary Stage, covers grades 9-12.
8. When New Education Policy 2020 will be implemented?
The New Education Policy 2020 will be implemented in a phased manner, with the first phase beginning in 2021 and implemented entirely by 2025.
9. Which is First State to Implement New Education Policy?
Karnataka became the first state in India to implement the new education policy in early August 2021.
10. What is the National Education Policy 2021?
The New Education Policy 2020 is also known as the New Education Policy 2021. It aims to transform India’s higher education system into the world’s best. NEP 2020 emphasizes holistic and multidisciplinary learning rather than rote learning. The National Education Policy 2021 aims to transform India’s higher education system into a world-class one and make India a global knowledge superpower.
11. What is the Pedagogical Structure in the proposed NEP?
The pedagogical structure in the proposed NEP is based on the principles of ‘learning by doing, ‘learner-centricity,’ and ‘active learning.’ Under this structure, students will be actively involved in their learning and encouraged to think critically and solve problems independently.
Teachers will act as facilitators, guiding students through the learning process. This structure is in line with the latest research on how people learn best. It also aligns with the government’s goal of making India a ‘knowledge powerhouse.’
12. What is Vocational Education in New Education Policy 2020?
In the New Education Policy 2020, vocational education is seen as a way to provide students with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in the workforce. The policy emphasizes the need for students to be able to choose a vocational education path that is aligned with their interests and aptitudes.
13. What are the Disadvantages of New Education Policy 2020?
The new education policy 2020 has several disadvantages that have been widely criticized by educators and parents. One of the most controversial aspects of the policy is the enforcement of languages. Under the new policy, students will be required to learn three languages, including Hindi, English, and their regional language. This has caused confusion and delay as schools scramble to find qualified teachers for all three languages.
Another major disadvantage of the new policy is the delay in teaching English. English is now being taught as a second language, after Hindi, in most schools. This delay is likely to cause problems for students who want to study English at a higher level or use it in their future careers.
Finally, the new education policy 2020 is heavily focused on digital learning. Students will spend more time in front of screens, which can harm their physical and mental health. It also means that students from lower-income families may not have access to the same quality of education, as they may not be able to afford the necessary technology.
14. Is the 10th Board removed in New Education Policy?
Yes, the 10th board is removed from the New Education Policy. This is done to make the education system better. The board is a waste of time, and most importantly, the education system should be based on students’ interests and passions.
The government has introduced Honors and General courses so that the students can opt for their preferred courses. In the honors courses, the students are free to choose the subjects they are interested in. The government has also introduced vocational courses so that the students can learn a skill or a trade. These courses are important in today’s economy.
15. What is the New Education Policy for College Students?
The new education policy is designed to provide college students with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in the workforce. The policy focuses on career-oriented education, providing students with the opportunity to gain real-world experience through internships and other work-based learning opportunities.
The policy also includes a commitment to improve the quality of teaching in colleges and to provide more support for students who are struggling academically. Overall, the new education policy is designed to ensure that college students are better prepared for the challenges of the modern workforce.
16. Where to download New Education Policy 2022 Pdf?
You can read and download the complete policy guidelines here.
17. When was First Education Policy in India Released?
The first education policy in India was released in 1968 by the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
18. When was the Second National Education Policy Released?
The Second National Education Policy was released in 1986 by the then Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi.
19. How many Educations Policy is in India?
India has a total of 4 education policies to date. The first policy was formulated in 1968 and the second in 1986. The third policy was formulated in 1992, and the fourth in 2020.
20. What are the current Levels of Education in India?
The current level of education in India is a 10+2 education system. In India, the 10+2 education system is currently divided into multiple levels:
The first level is the Pre-Primary level, for children aged 3-6 years and kindergarten and preschool grades. The second level is the Primary level, for children aged 6-10 years and 1-5 grades. The third level is the Secondary level, for children aged 11-15 years and 6-8 grades.
The fourth level is the Higher Secondary level, for children aged 16-18 years and 91-2 grades. The fifth level is the Undergraduate level for students aged 19-22 years. The sixth level is the Postgraduate level, for students aged 23-26 years.
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