29 States of India and Their Capitals and Languages: India is a vast country with 29 states and 8 union territories, each with its own capital. Each state has its unique culture and language and a separate government responsible for providing various services and amenities to residents. Several important cities in India serve as the capital of each state. This blog post will discuss the 29 states of India and their capitals and languages and also will give you some insight into the famous things of each state of India.
29 States of India
There are a total of 29 states in India, each with its own unique culture and demographics. The 29 States name of India are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.
To better understand the country as a whole, these states can be categorized in two ways.
States by Region:
India can be divided into five main regions: the north, south, east, west, and central.
- The northern region contains the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, and Delhi.
- The southern region contains the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana.
- The eastern region contains the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal.
- The western region contains the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan.
- The central region contains the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh.
States by Size:
India can be divided into three categories: large states, medium-sized states, and small states.
- The large states contain the states of Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.
- The medium-sized states contain the states of Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Gujarat.
- The small states contain the states of Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir.
29 States and Capitals [ 29 States of India and Their Capitals and Languages ]
Here is the list of 29 states of India. The states are listed in alphabetical order below, along with their capitals and official languages.
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)||Urdu|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali and Kokborok|
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29 States of India and Their Capitals with Formation Dates
Here is the list of 29 states of India and their capitals with formation date and year.
|States Name||Capital||Formation Dates/Years|
|Andhra Pradesh||Amaravati||1 Nov. 1956|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 Feb. 1987|
|Assam||Dispur||26 Jan. 1950|
|Bihar||Patna||22 Mar. 1912|
|Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 Nov. 2000|
|Goa||Panaji||30 May. 1987|
|Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May. 1960|
|Haryana||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 Jan. 1971|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||15 Nov. 2000|
|Karnataka||Bengaluru||1 Nov. 1956|
|Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||1 Nov. 1956|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 Nov. 1956|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May. 1960|
|Manipur||Imphal||21 Jan. 1972|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||21 Jan. 1972|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||20 Feb. 1987|
|Nagaland||Kohima||1 Dec. 1963|
|Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 Jan. 1950|
|Punjab||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 Nov. 1956|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May. 1975|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 Jan. 1950|
|Telangana||Hyderabad||2 Jun. 2014|
|Tripura||Agartala||21 Jan. 1972|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 Jan. 1950|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun||9 Nov. 2000|
|West Bengal||Kolkata||1 Nov. 1956|
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29 States and 8 Union Territories of India
India is a vast country with a rich and varied history. It is home to 29 states and 8 union territories, each with its own unique culture and heritage. The capitals of India’s states and union territories are also diverse, ranging from the bustling metropolis of Mumbai to the historic city of Delhi.
The British began to colonize India in the 18th century, and by the 19th century, the entire subcontinent was under British rule. Indian independence was achieved in 1947, and the country was partitioned into the independent states of India and Pakistan. Since then, India has been a federal republic with a parliamentary democracy.
With 29 states and 8 union territories, India is a country of immense diversity. From the snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas to the tropical beaches of the Indian Ocean, the country has a wide variety of landscapes. India is also home to a multitude of ethnic and linguistic groups.
8 Union Territories and Their Capitals and Languages
The Territories are listed in alphabetical order below, along with their capitals and official languages.
|Union Territory||Capital||Official language|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||English, Hindi|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu||Daman||English, Gujarati, Hindi, Konkani|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (Winter)||Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu|
|Puducherry (Pondicherry)||Pondicherry||English, Tamil|
29 States and Their Famous Things
1. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is a state in the southern part of India. It is known for its beautiful temples, rich culture, and delicious food. The state is home to many famous temples, including the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, the Sri Venkateswara Temple, and the Sri Kalahasti Temple.
Andhra Pradesh is also known for its rich culinary tradition. The state is home to many famous dishes, including dosas, idlis, and vadas. Andhra Pradesh is a popular tourist destination for both Indian and foreign tourists.
2. Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is a state located in the northeastern part of India. The state is known for its scenic beauty and is a popular tourist destination. The state is home to the Tawang Monastery, the largest Buddhist monastery in India. Arunachal Pradesh is also known for its handicrafts and wood carving.
Assam is a state in northeastern India known for its lush green landscapes and tea plantations. Assam is home to the largest river island in the world, Majuli. The state is also home to the one-horned rhinoceros, which can be found in the Kaziranga National Park.
Bihar is a state located in the eastern part of India. The state is home to many ancient Hindu temples and Buddhist sites. Bihar’s most popular tourist destinations include the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, the Nalanda University ruins, and the Vikramshila ruins.
The Indian state of Chhattisgarh is known for its ancient temples, natural beauty, and vibrant culture. The state is home to some of the most famous temples in India, including the temples of Bhoramdeo, Mahant Ghasidas Memorial Museum, and the Nataraja Temple.
Chhattisgarh is also known for its beautiful waterfalls, such as the Chitrakoot Falls and the Tirathgarh Falls. The state is home to a number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, such as the Indravati National Park and the Kanger Ghati National Park.
The Indian state of Goa is world famous for its stunning beaches, laid-back atmosphere, and vibrant nightlife. Situated on the west coast of India, Goa is a popular tourist destination for both domestic and international tourists.
The state is renowned for its beautiful beaches, a major draw for visitors worldwide. In addition to its beaches, Goa is known for its lively nightlife and unique culture, which blend Indian and Portuguese influences.
Gujarat is a state in the western part of India. Gujarat is known for its cuisine, which includes a wide variety of vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. The state is also famous for its traditional snacks such as dhokla and khandvi.
Some popular tourist destinations in Gujarat include the Sabarmati Ashram, the Gir Forest, the Rann of Kutch, and the Great Rann of Kutch.
Haryana is a state in northern India. Haryana is known for its agriculture and dairy industries, as well as for its historical sites. Haryana’s most famous historical sites include the DLF Cyber Hub, the Asigarh Fort, and the Brahma Sarovar.
9. Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its natural beauty. The state has many mountains, valleys, and rivers. Some popular tourist destinations in the state include the Rohtang Pass, the Kullu Valley, and the Manali.
Himachal Pradesh is also home to many temples and shrines, including the Jwalaji Temple, the Naina Devi Temple, and the Chamunda Devi Temple.
10. Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India, often denoted by the acronym J&K. Jammu and Kashmir is a beautiful state with a diverse landscape that includes snow-capped mountains and green valleys, and stunning lakes.
The state is also home to a number of important historical and religious sites, such as the temple complex of Vaishno Devi and the mountain town of Leh. Jammu and Kashmir is a popular tourist destination, and its capital, Srinagar, is known for its Houseboats and beautiful gardens.
Jharkhand is a state located in the eastern region of India. Jharkhand is the homeland of the indigenous tribes of the region, including the Santhal, Munda, and Oraon. Jharkhand is a major tourist destination, with a number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, such as Betla National Park, Hazaribagh National Park, and Palamau Tiger Reserve.
Karnataka is a state in the southwestern region of India. Karnataka is also home to some of the best software and IT companies in the country. The state capital, Bangalore, is a significant economic and cultural hub. The state is famous for its temples, beaches, national parks, and some most popular tourist destinations, such as Mysore, Hampi, and Coorg.
Kerala is a state located in the southernmost part of India. Kerala is a land of great natural beauty, with abundant green foliage, palm trees, and beaches. The state is also home to a number of historical and cultural sites, including the Kerala backwaters, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, and the hill station of Munnar.
14. Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is a state located in the central region of India. The state has several rivers, including the Narmada, Tapti, Betwa, and Chambal. The state is rich in minerals and has a number of national parks and sanctuaries. Madhya Pradesh is also home to the world’s largest man-made lake, the Upper Lake.
The state is famous for its handicrafts, folk music, and dance. It is also known for its cuisine, which includes dishes like Daal bafla, Jalebi, and Bhopla.
Maharashtra is located in the western region of India. Maharashtra is home to some of India’s most popular tourist destinations, including the city of Mumbai, the hill station of Mahabaleshwar, the Ajanta, Ellora caves, the Elephanta Island, and the pilgrim town of Shirdi.
Maharashtra is also a major center of industry and commerce, with cities like Pune and Nagpur being major hubs of the IT and manufacturing industries.
Manipur is a state in northeastern India. Manipur is famous for its natural beauty, as well as its rich culture and heritage. The state is home to several scenic lakes, including the Loktak Lake, the largest freshwater lake in the country.
Manipur is also known for its traditional dances, such as the Manipuri dance, and its handicrafts, such as the hand-woven shawls known as “Pheijom.”
The northeastern Indian state of Meghalaya is famous for its natural beauty, lush green landscapes, and diverse wildlife. Situated in the foothills of the Himalayas, Meghalaya is home to numerous rivers, waterfalls, and caves.
The state is also home to the rarest species of animals, including the red panda and the clouded leopard. Meghalaya’s capital, Shillong, is a popular tourist destination for its scenic views and pleasant weather.
Mizoram is a state in the northeastern part of India. Mizoram is home to a number of tribes, each with its own culture and traditions. The Mizo tribe is the largest tribe in the state. Other tribes include the Hmar, Lai, Paite, and Mara. Mizoram is also home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, which are home to various animals and birds.
Nagaland is a northeastern Indian state bordering Myanmar. The state is also home to several national parks, including the Dzükou Valley National Park and the Rajiv Gandhi National Park.
Nagaland is known for its Produce, including bamboo, oranges, and honey, and it’s also a major producer of coal and oil. The state is also famous for its Hornbill Festival, which celebrates the state’s unique bird species.
The Indian state of Odisha is most famous for its temples and religious sites. It is home to some of the most beautiful temples in the country, including the world-famous Jagannath Temple.
It is also home to the world-famous Konark Sun Temple. In addition, Odisha is famous for its stunning beaches, including Puri Beach and Chandrabhaga Beach.
Punjab is a state in northwestern India. Punjab is known for its rich culture and history and is a major tourist destination in India. The state is also home to many historical and religious sites, including the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the Sikh holy city.
Rajasthan is a state in northwestern India. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in the state include the city of Jaipur, the forts of Jodhpur, the Jantar Mantar, the Amber Fort, the Hawa Mahal, and the Ranthambore National Park. The state is also home to a number of world-famous tourist attractions, such as the Ranthambore National Park and the Pushkar Camel Fair.
Sikkim is a state in northeastern India, bordered by Bhutan, Tibet, and Nepal. It is renowned for its natural beauty, with its mountains, valleys, and rivers. It is also home to the world’s third-highest mountain, Kanchenjunga.
Sikkim is a popular tourist destination with Buddhist monasteries, Hindu temples, and wildlife sanctuaries. It is also known for its cuisine, with its momos (dumplings) and thukpa (noodle soup) being particularly popular.
24. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost part of India and is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples and its rich tradition of Carnatic music and dance. The state is also home to a number of historical sites, including the UNESCO World Heritage site of Mahabalipuram.
Tamil Nadu is home to some of India’s most popular tourist destinations, such as Chennai, Madurai, and Kanyakumari. Tamil Nadu is famous for its delicious cuisine, which features a variety of rice and curry dishes.
Telangana is a state located in the southern part of India. The state is home to many important historical sites. The state is also home to many renowned temples, such as the Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Temple and the Sri Raja Rajeshwara Temple.
The state is home to many scenic places, such as the Nizamabad Fort and the Warangal Fort. Telangana also has rich wildlife and is home to many national parks and sanctuaries, such as the Kaziranga National Park and the Jim Corbett National Park.
Tripura is a state located in the northeastern part of India. The state is home to a number of scenic spots, including the Neer Mahal, a lakeside palace located in Agartala, the capital city of Tripura.
Other popular tourist destinations include the Unakoti Hills, a range of hills covered with stone carvings, and the Sipahijala Wildlife Sanctuary, a protected area home to various animals and birds.
27. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is home to some of India’s most iconic landmarks, including the Taj Mahal, the Red Fort, and the Ganges River. The state is also home to a number of important Hindu pilgrimage sites, such as the city of Varanasi and the Char Dham temples. Uttar Pradesh is a major agricultural state, producing wheat, rice, sugarcane, and a variety of other crops.
Uttarakhand is home to some of the most popular Hindu pilgrimage sites, such as Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri. It is also home to the famous Char Dham pilgrimage, which is a must-do for all Hindus. Some of the state’s most popular tourist destinations include the cities of Nainital and Mussoorie.
29. West Bengal
West Bengal is a state located in the eastern region of India. West Bengal is home to a number of tourist attractions, including the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Sundarbans, and the Victoria Memorial.
The state is famous for its cuisine, which includes dishes such as Bengali fish curry and rice. West Bengal is also home to many festivals, such as Durga Puja and Holi.
29 States of India and Their Festivals
Here is the list of Indian states with their festivals-
|State||List of Festivals|
|Andhra Pradesh||Bhishma Ekadasi, Dasara, Ugadi, Deccan Festival, Pitr, Brahmotsavam|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Reh, Boori Boot, Myoko, Dree, Pongtu, Losar, Murung, Solang, Mopin, Monpa Festival|
|Assam||Ambubachi, Bhogali Bihu, Baishagu, Dehing Patkai|
|Bihar||Chhath Puja, Bihula|
|Chhattisgarh||Maghi Purnima, Bastar, Dussehra|
|Goa||Carnival, Ladain, Mando, Sunburn Festival|
|Gujarat||Navratri, Janmashtami, Kutch Utsav, Uttarayana|
|Himachal Pradesh||Rakhadumni, Gochi Festival|
|Haryana||Baisakhi, Surajkund Mela|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Har Navami, Chhari, Bahu Mela, Dosmoche|
|Jharkhand||Karam Utsav, Holi, Rohini, Tusu|
|Karnataka||Mysore Dasara, Ugadi|
|Madhya Pradesh||Lok-rang Utsav, Tejaji, Khujaraho Festival|
|Meghalaya||Nongkrem festival, Khasis Festival, Wangla, Sajibu Cheiraoba|
|Maharashtra||Ganesh Utsav, Gudi Padva|
|Manipur||Yaoshang, Porag, Chavang Kut|
|Nagaland||Hornbill festival, Moatsu Festival|
|Odisha||Rath Yatra, Raja Parba, Nukahai|
|Rajasthan||Gangaur, Teej, Bundi|
|Sikkim||Losar, Saga Dawa|
|Tamil Nadu||Pongal, Thaipusam, Natyanjali Festival|
|West Bengal||Durga Puja|
|Uttaranchal||Ganga Dussehra, Kumbh Mela|
|Uttar Pradesh||Ram Navmi, Durga Puja, Ganga Mahotsav, Navaratri, Holi, Khichdi|
Famous Food of 29 States of India
Here is the list of famous food of 29 states of India-
|Haryana||Bajre Ki Khichdi|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Rogan Josh|
|Karnataka||Bisi Bele Bath|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhutte Ka Kees|
|Mizoram||Misa Mach Poora|
|Nagaland||Pork with Bamboo Shoot|
|Punjab||Makki Di Roti & Sarson Da Saag|
|Rajasthan||Dal Baati Churma|
|Uttar Pradesh||Tunde Ke Kebabs|
|West Bengal||Kosha Mangsho|
FAQs: States and Capitals of India
1. What are the 29 States of India?
The 29 States of India are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.
2. What was the 1st State of India?
The 1st State of India, Andhra State, was created On October 1, 1953.
3. What is the 29th State of India?
Telangana, the 29th State of India, is located in the South of India.
4. Who governs each State of India?
A Chief Minister governs each State of India. A chief minister is the head of government in some of the states of India.
5. What are the official and other States languages of India?
Hindi and English are the official languages of the country. Still, there are also 22 other official languages, including Bengali, Tamil, Assamese, Gujarati, Bengali, Kashmiri, Kannada, Konkani, Manipuri, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Nepali, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Bodo, Urdu, Sindhi, Santali, Marathi, and Dogri.
6. Which State has the most Languages?
The State of Karnataka has the greatest number of languages in India, including Kannada, Tulu, Konkani, Kodava, Beary Bashe, Badaga, and Indians-English, etc.