29 States of India and Their Capitals and Languages: India is a diverse country with 29 states and 8 union territories. Each state has its own distinct culture, language, festivals, and famous tourist attractions. Here is an in-depth look at the 29 states of India and their capitals and languages and other key details.
29 States of India
The 29 states of India are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal.
29 States of India and Their Capitals and Languages
Every Indian state has its own capital city that serves as the center of government and administration. There are 22 official languages in India, and each state has one or more official state languages.
Here is a list of the 29 Indian states along with their capitals and official languages:
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)||Urdu|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali and Kokborok|
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29 States of India and Their Capitals with Formation Dates
Here is a list of the 29 states of India along with their capitals and the dates when they were formed:
|Andhra Pradesh||Amaravati||1 November 1956|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 February 1987|
|Assam||Dispur||26 January 1950|
|Bihar||Patna||22 March 1912|
|Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 November 2000|
|Goa||Panaji||30 May 1987|
|Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May 1960|
|Haryana||Chandigarh||1 November 1966|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 January 1971|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||15 November 2000|
|Karnataka||Bengaluru||1 November 1956|
|Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||1 November 1956|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 November 1956|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May 1960|
|Manipur||Imphal||21 January 1972|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||21 January 1972|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||20 February 1987|
|Nagaland||Kohima||1 December 1963|
|Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 January 1936|
|Punjab||Chandigarh||1 November 1966|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 November 1956|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May 1975|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 January 1950|
|Telangana||Hyderabad||2 June 2014|
|Tripura||Agartala||21 January 1972|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 January 1950|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun||9 November 2000|
|West Bengal||Kolkata||1 November 1956|
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29 States and 8 Union Territories of India
India is the 7th largest country in the world by area and has 29 states and 8 union territories. The states span the length and breadth of the country, while the union territories are smaller administrative divisions. Each state and union territory has its own distinct identity, history, and culture. Exploring them provides a fascinating glimpse into India’s pluralistic heritage.
8 Union Territories and Their Capitals and Languages
Here are the 8 union territories of India, their capitals and languages:
|Union Territory||Capital||Official Language(s)|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||Hindi, English|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||Hindi, English, Punjabi|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Daman||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Delhi||New Delhi||Hindi, English, Punjabi, Urdu|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)||Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, English|
|Puducherry||Pondicherry||Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, French, English|
29 States of India and Their Festivals
Here is the list of Indian states with their festivals:
|State||List of Festivals|
|Andhra Pradesh||Bhishma Ekadasi, Dasara, Ugadi, Deccan Festival, Pitr, Brahmotsavam|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Reh, Boori Boot, Myoko, Dree, Pongtu, Losar, Murung, Solang, Mopin, Monpa Festival|
|Assam||Ambubachi, Bhogali Bihu, Baishagu, Dehing Patkai|
|Bihar||Chhath Puja, Bihula|
|Chhattisgarh||Maghi Purnima, Bastar, Dussehra|
|Goa||Carnival, Ladain, Mando, Sunburn Festival|
|Gujarat||Navratri, Janmashtami, Kutch Utsav, Uttarayana|
|Himachal Pradesh||Rakhadumni, Gochi Festival|
|Haryana||Baisakhi, Surajkund Mela|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Har Navami, Chhari, Bahu Mela, Dosmoche|
|Jharkhand||Karam Utsav, Holi, Rohini, Tusu|
|Karnataka||Mysore Dasara, Ugadi|
|Madhya Pradesh||Lok-rang Utsav, Tejaji, Khujaraho Festival|
|Meghalaya||Nongkrem festival, Khasis Festival, Wangla, Sajibu Cheiraoba|
|Maharashtra||Ganesh Utsav, Gudi Padva|
|Manipur||Yaoshang, Porag, Chavang Kut|
|Nagaland||Hornbill festival, Moatsu Festival|
|Odisha||Rath Yatra, Raja Parba, Nukahai|
|Rajasthan||Gangaur, Teej, Bundi|
|Sikkim||Losar, Saga Dawa|
|Tamil Nadu||Pongal, Thaipusam, Natyanjali Festival|
|West Bengal||Durga Puja|
|Uttaranchal||Ganga Dussehra, Kumbh Mela|
|Uttar Pradesh||Ram Navmi, Durga Puja, Ganga Mahotsav, Navaratri, Holi, Khichdi|
Famous Foods of 29 States of India
Here is the list of famous foods of 29 states of India:
|Andhra Pradesh||Biryani, Andhra Chicken Curry|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Thukpa, Momos|
|Assam||Assam Laksa, Masor Tenga|
|Bihar||Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha|
|Chhattisgarh||Chana Samosa, Chana Bhatura|
|Goa||Fish Curry Rice, Vindaloo|
|Haryana||Chole Bhature, Makki Ki Roti|
|Himachal Pradesh||Dham, Chana Madra|
|Jharkhand||Thekua, litti chokha|
|Karnataka||Bisi Bele Bath, Masala Dosa|
|Kerala||Sadya, Appam with Stew|
|Madhya Pradesh||Poha, Bhutte ka Kees|
|Maharashtra||Vada Pav, Pav Bhaji|
|Meghalaya||Jadoh, Nakham Bitchi|
|Mizoram||Bamboo Shoot Curry, Bamboo Rice|
|Nagaland||Smoked Pork with Bamboo Shoots|
|Odisha||Dalma, Chhena Poda|
|Punjab||Butter Chicken, Amritsari Kulcha|
|Rajasthan||Dal Baati Churma, Laal Maas|
|Tamil Nadu||Chettinad Chicken Curry, Dosai|
|Telangana||Hyderabadi Biryani, Mirchi ka Salan|
|Tripura||Mui Borok, Bamboo Shoot Curry|
|Uttar Pradesh||Tunday Kababi, Aloo Paratha|
|Uttarakhand||Aloo Ke Gutke, Phaanu|
|West Bengal||Rosogolla, Machher Jhol|
FAQs on the 29 States of India and Their Capitals and Languages
1. What was the 1st State of India?
The 1st State of India, Andhra State, was created On October 1, 1953.
2. What is the 29th State of India?
Telangana, the 29th State of India, is located in the South of India.
3. Who governs each State of India?
A Chief Minister governs each State of India. A chief minister is the head of government in some of the states of India.
4. What are the official and other state languages of India?
Hindi and English are the official languages of the country. Still, there are also 22 other official languages, including Bengali, Tamil, Assamese, Gujarati, Bengali, Kashmiri, Kannada, Konkani, Manipuri, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Nepali, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Bodo, Urdu, Sindhi, Santali, Marathi, and Dogri.
5. Which State has the most Languages?
The State of Karnataka has the greatest number of languages in India, including Kannada, Tulu, Konkani, Kodava, Beary Bashe, Badaga, and Indians-English, etc.
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